Know the Details of Diamond Anatomy
When a raw diamond is cut and polished, its unique beauty is revealed. It takes on its own proportions, angles, and characteristics, which can be described with a specific set of terms. Learn these terms, and you’ll be prepared when it’s time to shop for yours.
The smooth, flat surface cuts of a diamond are called facets. Most diamonds have 58 facets. Certain specialty cut diamonds have more facets, generally leading to more sparkle.
The top horizontal facet of a diamond, also its largest facet.
The upper portion of the diamond, measured from the top edge of the girdle up to the table.
The middle portion of a diamond or the intersection of the crown and pavilion. The girdle thickness defines the perimeter of the diamond and functions as the setting edge.
The bottom portion of a diamond that extends from the girdle down to the culet.
The small facet at the tip of a gemstone—not all diamond cuts have a culet.
The height of a gemstone as measured from the bottom of the culet to the top of the table.