Citrine is a clear yellow form of quartz and is often confused with yellow topaz; citrine, however, is more abundant. Because of its abundance, there are plenty of fairly large, clear stones available for jewelry. This clarity and a rich yellow color are qualities to look for in a citrine. It has some of the same characteristics as amethyst, such as alternating bands of lighter and darker color – from pale yellow to golden amber - but these bands are harder to see in citrine. A counterpart to amethyst, citrine is quartz with iron, and it is most commonly mined in Brazil.
Citrine is a cheerful gem. Its powers are said to include making its wearer lighthearted, bringing cheerfulness in tough times and offering hope. It was also believed to help relax people and expel impurities from the body. People who wore citrine could expect to look healthy and feel happy.
Citrine is the traditional birthstone for November. It has a Mohs hardness rating of 7 and wears quite well in all types of jewelry.